PHP serverless abstraction framework…

…as serverless architecture picks up steam in the market I predict we will see more and more languages adopting it; is not whole sale from the vendors then from the community itself. As an example here is Bref, a serverless framework for PHP; it can run on it’s own or be used as a bridge for other existing frameworks. Ala Laravel or Slim or CodeIgnitor as AWS Lambda functions. Not a AWS fan? That’s ok, Bref can deploy to any other cloud provider with minimal effort as well. If nothing else, it is worth a read,

Yii2 2.0.14 released; bringing with it some excellent changes.

  • The Yii2 team has release the latest version of the Yii2 framework. With it comes improvements in the following (but not limited to) areas:
  • Scalability and concurrency
  • Validator enhancements
  • Behaviors
  • Databases and ActiveRecord
    • Custom data types and object conditions
    • Query Builder flexibility
    • Upserts
    • Schema builder and migrations
    • New query caching syntax
    • Active Record relations
  • Security
  • Events
  • APIs, serializers and filters

… and much more. Head over to the release notes to read about it all the changes. It is defiantly worth the update.

RE-post: My personal experience migrating a module rom Yii1.x to Yii2.x

(Originally posted on the Sourcetoad Blog circa 20015)

Yii is an amazing framework. As it has been iterated on version 2 is now out and is quickly picking up adoption. With this comes the need to migrate components, modules, and a whole slew of other logic. This blog is a few pointers that we picked up along the way while doing a forum migration. This was the first feature migration we did in house, it was an interesting experience.

RTFM, this may seem a no brainer but read the manual, specifically about the Yii1->2 changes.
Use a source control system. GiT, SVN, Mercurial, etc.
Run the tests, make change, run tests, refactor, run tests, commit, run tests
Pick a specific part of logic / cord to replace. GridViews, DetailList, etc. Do one chunk at a time.
Give back to the community, no one like that guy that takes and takes and never gives back.

One of the most obvious changes has been the inclusion of autoloading classes. Good bye require_once(‘composer/autoloader.php’), hello namespacing. With this change the class names have become much more sane. No more ‘CBaseModel’, now \BaseModel.

The model level logic has seen a substantial change as well. “…In 1.1, query building was scattered among several classes, including CDbCommand, CDbCriteria, and CDbCommandBuilder. Yii 2.0 represents a DB query in terms of a Query object that can be turned into a SQL statement with the help of QueryBuilder behind the scene…” (Yii2 documentation). Now queries are similar this example:

$modelData = \packageName\common\models\ModelName::find()->andWhere([‘id’ => $userId])->one();

Idealy this would return the user’s data from the specified model.

Moving on the view level widgets have had a measurable change as well:

$this->widget('yii.widgets.grid.CGridView', array(
    'columns'=> array(
        'title',         // display the 'title' attribute
        '', // display the 'name' attribute of the 'category' relation
        'content:html',  // display the 'content' attribute as purified HTML
        array(           // display 'create_time' using an expression
            'value'=>'date("M j, Y", $data->create_time)',
        array(// display 'author.username' using an expression
        array(// display a column with "view", "update" and "delete" buttons


    'dataProvider' => $dataProvider,
    'columns'       => [
            'class' => 'yii\grid\SerialColumn'
        'title',        // display the 'title' attribute
        '',// display the 'name' attribute of the 'category' relation
        'content:raw',  // display the 'content' attribute as purified HTML
        [               // display 'create_time' using an expression
            'name' => 'create_time',
            'value' => 'date("M j, Y", $data->create_time)',
    [// display 'author.username' using an expression
        'name' => 'authorName',
        'value' => '$data->author->username',
        'class' => 'yii\grid\ActionColumn'], //CRUD UI elements

The astute eye will notice that the base code has simply been updated to the current recommendations. the main change being how the widget is instantiated. The astute will also notice the new column’s `SerialColumn` and `ActionColumn`. These two handy classes provide serialized numbering and CRUD UI elements for the column data. DetailView, ItemView, etc have all been iterated on in this way.

That is all the time we have for today but we hope this has provided insightful. It is highly recommended you take a look at the documentation provided by the Yii team for even more details.

Yii2-starter-kit update…and shameless plug.


A project I heavily rely on these days recently got some updates. Shameless plug: I was kinda  a part of a bunch of them. utf8-mb4 update for MySQL data sources, RBAC CRUD UI module, and a queue module will be merged in soon. Days like this make it fun to be a software person. 😀

Checkout the starter kit here: Yii2 Starter Kit

An example of when being to clever can come back to bite you…

As part of a test I had to ensure only two alphabetical characters would allowed. So I used `chr(rand(97,122))`; which on a OSX machine is letters a->z. However, this character code sequence (to the best of knowledge NOW) does not translate to other architectures. 4 Hours latter and I replace the above `char()` usage with:
$letterArray = ['a', 'c', 'd', 'e', 'f', 'g', 'h', 'i', 'j', 'k', 'l', 'm', 'n', 'p', 'q', 's', 't', 'u', 'v', 'w', 'x', 'z',];
$key = \array_rand($letterArray);

After three runs through the applications CI process not once has it failed…yet.

…Here’s hoping it continues to go as planned.